Wet vs Dry AMD

Age Related Macular Degeneration is often described as being either Dry AMD or Wet AMD. Dry AMD generally occurs as we get older and as the light sensitive cells in the macula start to break down. This tends to occur gradually over time, often over many years.

As Dry AMD progresses the number of light sensitive cells present in the macula reduces and the central vision begins to deteriorate, until a blurred spot develops right in the centre of the field of vision.

Wet Form of AMD

In approximately 10% of dry AMD sufferers it can develop into the wet form, which causes a much more sudden and dramatic loss of sight over a matter of weeks. In the wet form of AMD, tiny new blood vessels begin to grow underneath the macula.

These abnormal blood vessels then start to leak blood and fluid into the eye which can cause scarring and damage to the macula, leading blind spots and distorted central vision.

AMD UK Stats...

2,917,660 people in the UK have early stage AMD

454,310 people in the UK have late dry AMD

221,150 people in the UK have late wet AMD

The Research

In recent years there has been considerable research undertaken at the Waterford Institute of Technology into AMD and the role of the three macular carotenoids within the macular pigment.

And the findings to date, irrespective of the condition be it Dry or Wet AMD, are that supplementation of the three macular carotenoids might be of assistance in enriching the macular pigment and enhancing its protective qualities.