Causes: Are you at risk?

As yet there is no known singular cause of Macular Degeneration although research suggests that there are a number of contributory factors involved that may put you at a greater risk of developing the disease.

Age...

As the name suggests age is a major risk for AMD. The older you are the more at risk you are, with most people suffering with AMD aged 60 years and over. However it can occur earlier in life.
 

Genetics…

People with a family history of AMD appear to be at the highest risk of developing AMD as there are nearly 20 genes associated with it. It is however unclear as to whether the disease is directly passed through families.

Sunlight…

Some research suggests that sunlight maybe a contributing factor and it is known to increase the risk of developing cataracts. It is therefore an advisable precaution to always wear sunglasses when out in bright sunshine.
 

Diet…

Experts now believe that increasing your intake of certain vitamins and minerals such as the three Macular Carotenoids may help to reduce your risk of developing AMD and can potentially be beneficial to those who already have it.

Gender/Race…

It is not known why however AMD is more common in women than in men and has been shown to be more prevalent amongst Caucasians than other races.
 

Smoking…

Research shows that smokes are twice as likely to develop AMD and it tends to occur at a younger age in smokers.